What is the process of making kratom? How is Kratom made? Is it produced in a high-tech greenhouse or a laboratory setting? When it comes to agricultural procedures, not much has changed throughout the ages. You’ll be pleased to know that it is grown and manufactured naturally and organically from the leaves of kratom trees, which are selected, cleaned, crushed up, and dried after being harvested.
The Roots of Kratom
With its origins in Southeast Asian nations like Indonesia, Thailand, and Malaysia, the mitragyna speciosa tree is essential in making mitragyna speciosa powder. According to Burkill, the oldest mentions of its usage in Malaysia date back to 1836, and indigenous tribes in these regions have been cultivating and collecting kratom for decades.
The environment in which it is grown has a considerable impact on the final product. It may reach a height of up to 80 feet in perfect circumstances when fully mature. Its leaves are glossy and dark green, and they dwarf the normal human hand in size when fully grown. In addition, the kratom tree is evergreen, so when the leaves fall off, they soon regenerate, allowing for year-round production. Warm, humid, and well-lit settings are ideal for the growth of Kratom. As a result, the plant may be found in tropical rainforests like Borneo.
Southeast Asia Kratom Laws
It might be difficult to understand Indonesia’s rules on it since they are so varied. The Indonesian government now permits the cultivation and harvesting of kratom for export, even though local sales and distribution are banned. That might all change in 2024 when Indonesia’s Minister of Health proposes a possible kratom prohibition. According to the authorities, farmers would have five years to switch from it to other crops.
The kratom tea industry, including Indonesian farmers, American kratom company owners, and consumers, would be shocked if Indonesia restricted its sales. After all, Indonesia produces and exports the vast majority of the world’s kratom. In the worst-case scenario, an Indonesian ban might be enacted. Still, there is optimism that Thailand, where the tide may be shifting concerning its regulations, would satisfy some of the demand.
Even though Thailand’s government tried legalizing it in 2004, 2009, 2013, and 2020 to no effect, in 2018, the government began permitting kratom for therapeutic uses. In addition, it was removed from the government’s narcotics list in 2019 after being on it since 1979. Growing it in Thailand has been prohibited since 1943.
How Is Kratom Harvested?
Farmers who have harvested kratom before know just when to harvest it to get the most alkaloids out of it. For the most part, growers wait for the trees to reach full maturity before harvesting their leaves. Typically, this occurs when the tree is between 2 and 5 years old, ensuring an ideal number of beneficial alkaloids in the leaves. However, certain strains may be harvested early.
Depending on the strain, it may be derived from either wild or cultivated trees. Some strains may have both, while others may contain a mix of the two. It doesn’t matter if your kratom powder is manufactured from wild or farmed trees if the plants have been given enough humidity and heat.
Leaf-picking is a skill that most farmers acquire over time. After that, the leaves are trimmed to size. There are always fresh leaves on the tree; therefore, the cycle never ends.
Drying, Fermentation, and Grinding
Farmers properly clean the leaves after being collected to eliminate any dirt, dust, or debris that may have formed on them throughout the harvesting process. This is a time-consuming yet necessary process. It is difficult to eliminate this contamination after the leaves have been dried and processed into kratom powder.
The next step is to dry the leaves under a microscope. Again, it is necessary to dry leaves in direct sunshine or inside or mix the two depending on the kind of vein. Each vein type is treated differently because it promotes distinct alkaloids. During the drying process, certain alkaloids, such as 7-hydroxymitragnine, continue to form.
7-hydroxy mitragynine is more concentrated in red vein strains because they are exposed to the most UV rays. Drying usually takes place in the open air when exposed to direct sunshine. Nevertheless, UV lights may be used by farmers to carry out this operation. Under direct sunlight or powerful UV lights, green vein strains may be dried outside, preceded by an indoor drying period away from heat and light.
Most white kratom strains are created by air-drying the leaves without ultraviolet radiation in a controlled environment. Farmers may also use a fermenting procedure to make yellow kratom.
Grinding, Packing, and Shipping
Agriculturalists crush or ground the dried leaves. The most common form of it is a fine powder. Some customers, however, want their kratom prepared in the traditional manner, which involves crushing the leaves.
The powder was then put into huge vacuum-sealed bags and sent to sellers such as you by the farmers. So the majority of the time, it’s a rather quick procedure.
Despite being the world’s top kratom supplier, Indonesia does not have quality control rules for the herb. As a result, an independent lab test is not required to confirm that the exported kratom is free from impurities or pathogens. As a result, lab testing is necessary for US-based kratom suppliers to confirm that the product they import and sell to customers is safe and free of contaminants.
Suppliers should use third-party labs to ensure that their findings are reliable and impartial. Each batch and strain that they obtain should be sent in for testing. Laboratories test mitragynine and 7-hydroxymitragynine levels to ensure that the product does not include mold yeast, salmonella, E. coli, or other pathogens.
The laboratory often issues a document known as the Certificate of Analysis after testing. In addition, customers may check the product’s quality and purity by reading the results of laboratory tests on the vendor’s website.
As soon as the seller receives confirmation that their substance has cleared testing, they may repackage and sell the powder in its original container.
In the cultivation of kratom, there are tens of thousands of farmers involved and hundreds of different strains and geographical variations. And even though its history dates back millennia, no one knows where the plant will go in the future.